The French Revolution

19th century satirical drawing of the French Revolution; before and after

In 1787, the Bavarian government published in Munich all the details of the conspiracy, under the title “Einige Originalschriften des Illuminaten Ordens (The Original Writings of the Order of the Illuminati)". [1] Copies of the entire conspiracy were sent to all heads of Church and State in Europe, but the warning was ignored. [2]

The Illuminati order vanished; though it’s not clear what happened with the more than 2000 adepts recruited over a period of 10 years throughout Europe. [1] What is a fact is that not all the members were arrested; not even in Germany (i.e. Ernest II and Weishaupt himself). The truth is that, for the purpose of the French Revolution, it makes no difference whether or not they were still operative, since all the key figures from the French Revolution (either Freemasons or founders of the Jacobin Club) were already well into Weishaupt’s revolutionary philosophy, and would eventually go on with Weishaupt’s plans (i.e. Lafayette, Robespierre, Voltaire, Louis Philippe II Duke of Orléans, etc.)

The Revolution started in 1789, and continued until 1799. The official causes for the French Revolution were food shortages, economic crisis and despotism. I’m not going to get into the details of the war (as it’s not the purpose of this article), but there are three issues worth mentioning in relation to the causes. First, it is believed that the famine and malnutrition previous to the conflict were caused on purpose by the Duke of Orleans (grandmaster of the Grand Orient Lodge) by buying all the grain available and then selling it abroad or holding it from the population. Galart de Montjoie, a contemporary, said about the Duke: "[he] was moved by that invisible hand which seems to have created all the events of our revolution in order to lead us towards a goal that we do not see at present..." [3] Second, the economic crisis was to a great extent due to Louis XVI’s support for the American Revolution; and we already saw that the ones negotiating that support were Solomon and Franklin. And third, it’s said that Louis XVI’s rule was tyrannical and despotic, but it is also believed that the same man accused of those things gave the order not to shoot when his own palace was raided.

Either way, let’s see who gained more than anyone from the change in power. The French Revolution brought positive changes for French Jews in 1789, resulting in their full emancipation in 1791. In 1806, Napoleon I ordered the convening of a "Grand Sanhedrin" in Paris and in 1808 he organized the "Consistoire central des Israélites de France", the administrative agency for all French Jews. The consistorial system made Judaism a recognized religion and placed it under government control. By tradition, the “Central Consistoire” has had a member of the Rothschild family as its President. [4]

During the last decade of the XVIII century, Napoleon sent Prince of Hesse to exile in Denmark, and set an embargo on his wealth. However, the Prince had already deposited much of his wealth through the agency of Mayer Amschel Rothschild, leaving in his hands specie and works of art of the value of £600,000; [5] and ends up controlling the whole fortune of the Hessian House, which considerably increases the family’s income and wealth. [6] But, by those times Mayer was on such good terms with Napoleon's nominee, Prince Dalberg, that he had been made a member of the Electoral College of Darmstadt in 1810. The elector's money was sent to Nathan in London, who in 1808 utilized it to purchase £800,000 worth of gold from the East India Company with the intention of funding Wellington's Peninsular campaign against Napoleon. He made no less than four profits with this money: 1- on the sale of Wellington's paper, 2- on the sale of the gold to Wellington, 3- on its repurchase, and 4- on forwarding it to Portugal. This was the beginning of the great fortunes of the house. [5]

When things settled down, and Napoleon was defeated in Waterloo, Jacob Mayer Rothschild (the youngest son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild) moved to Paris in 1812 where his name Jacob was changed to James. In 1817, he formally created the bank “de Rothschild Frères” whose partners were his brothers Amschel of Germany, James of France, Carl of Naples, Nathan of England and Salomon of Austria. Highly successful as lenders and investors, the Paris operation also became bankers for Leopold I of Belgium. In 1822 the influential James and his four brothers were awarded the hereditary title of "Baron" by Emperor Francis I of Austria. [4]

… Next chapter: the bloodlines of the Illuminati

[1] Trevor W. McKeown, “A Bavarian Illuminati primer”, Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon A.F. & A.M
[2] Masterplots Cyclopedia of World Authors, 1958, p.724,725
[3] Jim Marrs, “Rule by Secrecy”, p. 248; Still, “Duke of Orleans buys grain”, p. 85; Epperson (1985), p. 87.
[4] Wikipedia: Rothschild banking family of France (
[5] Lottman, op. cit. 22.

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